Is it a preparation to make ‘half a monkey, half a human’ in a laboratory?
Is it ready to make ‘half monkey, half man’ in the lab?
Yanan / California: In a joint experiment, Chinese and American scientists have developed living embryos that contain the most basic cells in humans and monkeys.
Although this is a significant breakthrough in scientific terms, it is also highly controversial because the same research could be used to create strange creatures like ‘half monkey, half man’.
It should be noted that efforts to reconcile human and animal cells have been underway for at least the last twenty years, in which pig and sheep cells have been merged with human cells.
From a medical point of view, these efforts are part of the “Xenotransplantation”, which aims to “grow” human organs in the body of an animal and re-transplant them into the same person.
Thanks to the success of xenotransplantation, it will be possible to insert a human body cell into an animal and “cultivate” an exact replica of the desired organ in that animal, which will be transplanted back into that human body.
This will go a long way in eliminating organ donation and other related issues for the affected people.
There are more similarities between humans and monkeys than between sheep and pigs. For this reason, the question before scientists was, if the most basic cells of man and ape were mixed together, would they be able to grow together?
To find out, experts from the Kunming University of Science and Technology in the Chinese province of Yunnan and the Salik Institute for Biological Studies in the US state of California have jointly conducted this important research.
To make a hybrid of human and monkey, embryos of macaque monkeys were taken which were in the “blastocyst” stage, the stage in which the embryo is in the form of a hollow ball with only a few cells.
The Macaque monkey’s blastocyst incorporates the most basic and “all-pervading” type of human stem cells, which undergo natural stages of transformation and transformation into the cells of any organ. Are capable.
According to a report published in the latest issue of the online research journal “Cell”, these experiments included 25 human stem cells (hEPSCs) in each monkey blastocyst.
With the help of fluorescent tagging, scientists monitored changes in monkey and human cells after mating. They found that initially 132 monkey embryos and human cells were successfully interconnected.
Of these, 103 mixed embryos survived for ten days and continued to develop.
However, after this stage, the mixed embryos began to die more rapidly, until by the 19th day, only 3 mixed embryos survived.
However, given the limitations / requirements of the experiment, these embryos were also destroyed.
According to further details, these experiments were carried out in China because the facilities of such sensitive experiments are much better in China than in the United States, while Chinese scientists are also more skilled in this matter.
Experts involved in the experiment say that the combination in the cells of monkeys and humans was much better than in previous experiments.
Genetic analysis techniques have also shown that the way cells interact in this mixed embryo has changed during development.